What is Phonics? 
Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. Children are taught how to recognise the sounds each individual letter makes and to identify the sounds that different contributions of letters make such as ‘sh’ and ‘oo’.   Children are taught to read by breaking down words into separate sounds or ‘phonemes’. They are then taught how to blend these sounds together to read the whole word. We use Little Wandle Letters and Sounds revised to teach phonics at our school. 

The phonics screening check 
The National phonics screening check is a statutory assessment that was introduced in 2012 to all Year 1 pupils and is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge.  All year 1 pupils will take the phonics screening check in summer term.

It comprises of a list of 40 words and nonsense words (words that are phonetically decodable but not actual words with an associated meaning e.g. brip, snorb). It will assess phonics skills and knowledge learnt through reception and year 1 where each child is asked to read on a 1:1 basis to an adult familiar to them. They will be asked to ‘sound out’ a word and blend the sounds together. 

The screening check will identify children who have phonic decoding skills below the level expected for the end of year 1 and who therefore need help. 


           Year R Curriculum 2021-2022


Autumn 1


Autumn 2


Spring 1


Spring 2


Summer 1


Summer 2



Autumn time

Exploring the school environment



Harvest, Bonfire night, Christmas  



Chinese New Year

People who help us



Growing and Changing

Healthy living


Life cycles



Traditional Tales




Walk in the woods

Meeting key people from around the school

Pantomime (in school)


Exploring the weather/season

Tasting foods


 ‘Trip to Kenya’


Fire engine visit

Set up a crime scene in your classroom. The children need to become detectives and work together to solve the crime

Making a fruit salad

Farm visit

Hatching Butterflies



Goldilocks crime scene to explore and investigate



Prime areas of learning and development

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

New beginnings

Classroom routines and rules.

Support children in making friends

Keeping safe at school

Getting on and falling out – how to deal with anger e.g. when someone has taken a toy/not sharing.

Bonfire night safety

Taking turns – snakes and ladders (other games)

Can we follow rules?

Circle time

Feelings – looking at facial expression.

Looking after our friends when things go wrong.

Circle times


Working as a team to help each other learn.

Changes – Transition to year 1 – getting ready.

Nursery children to visit new classroom.

Physical Development

Managing own personal hygiene, toileting and hand washing.

Buttons, zips and shoes.

Pencil control:

Following patterns

Simple cutting patterns

Parachute and circle games

Pencil control: simple patterns and letter formation – air writing/magic pencil.

Writing own name

Morning books – letter formation  

Pencil control: letter formations (focus on phase 2 phonemes/writing name).

Hula hooping/throwing and catching.

Pencil control: letter formations (focus on phonemes from phase 3)


Sports day practise

Pencil control: letter formations (focus on phonemes from phase 4)

Healthy eating



Sports Day

Safety in the sun

Pencil control: letter formations (focus on all phonemes)


Communication and Language

Throughout the year children will:

·        Learn to speak with confidence during circle/carpet times

·        Learn to listen and respond appropriately with relevant comments, questions or actions

·        Use appropriate story language to re-enact/re-tell simple and familiar stories

·        Learn new vocabulary relating to topics

·        Share learning from home through learning journeys, show and tell (circle time) and talking about our class bear


 Specific areas of learning and development



Key Texts






Owl Babies


Leaf Man

The very helpful Hedgehog

Nursery Rhymes


Aarrgghh! Spider

Pumpkin Soup

Room on the Broom

Christmas Story

Jolly christmas postman


Footprints in the Snow

The Lonely Penguin

Lost and Found

Non-fiction book -Penguins

Non fiction books  about Kenya


Superheo like you


Non-fiction books about policeman/firemen etc



Oliver’s Fruit Salad/Vegetables

Handa’s surprise




Little Red Hen

Jack and the Beanstalk

The Three Billy Goats Gruff





Phase 1/2 – Little Wande

Recognising own name

Introduce reading books (picture only)

Phase 2 – Little Wandle


Individual readers

(introduction of text)

Phase 3 – Little Wandle


Individual readers

Phase 3- Little Wandle


Individual readers


Phase 4 – Little Wandle


Individual readers

Introduction of guided reading

Phase 4 – Little Wandle


Individual readers

Introduction of guided reading



Adult Led Literacy/Writing Opportunities





Copying own name

Rhyming words and stories- learning to continue a rhyming string

Telling stories through pictures

Copy own name

Difference between fiction and non-fiction

Sequencing pictures from familiar stories

Christmas cards, letters to Santa, lists.

Write first name and simple words

Card writing – Valentines Day

Non-fiction: look at a contents/index page.



Writing facts about people help us.


Kenyan animals fact file.


Add a phone and notebooks to your classroom. The children can pretend to ring a vet’s surgery and use their phonic knowledge to write down messages for the vets.

Writing recount

Story mapping

Storyboards – writing simple sentences. 

Instructional writing

Writing labels and captions

Write a simple caption or sentence.

Use non-fiction books to find answers to our questions

Make a class non-fiction book. Writing labels.

Story writing.


Counting rhymes

Sorting activities

Counting objects

Repeating patterns

Simple 2D shapes


Find one more/one less



2D/3D shapes

Ordering numbers


Number bonds to 5




Number bonds to 10



2D/3D shapes


Doubling and Halving

Shape and pattern



Problem solving


Depth of numbers within 20


Understanding the world

Introduction to computers –using simple games.

Learning about Diwali– festival of lights.



Firework pictures



Learning all about Chinese New Year and Shrove Tuesday



Using the keyboard, space bar.

Opposites – hot/cold, old/new, night day.



Growth, parts of a plant.

Finding out about how we have grown and changed.

Making healthy choices.

Signs of Spring



Mini-beast hunting

Recognising insects, Life cycle of Caterpillars.

Looking after the environment.

Expressive Arts and Design

Painting – self portrait

Music – finding a voice (learn lots of new songs/sing with confidence)


Autumn and Christmas crafts

Music – learn autumn songs and poems and Christmas songs and rhymes.


Music – Learn about

rhythm and pulse in songs.

Chinese lanterns/writing.

Mother’s day cards,

Music – exploring

instruments how many sounds can one

instrument make and


Kenyan animal prints

Singing songs linked to traditional stories.

Painting sunflowers.

Music – making up compositions

Working with clay






Files to Download

Student Login